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- stressed, before a vowel
- unstressed, before a consonant
- (definite) (singular & plural) (count & non-count) Used, to show that you're talking about something that your listener will not mistake for another one.
- Compare "I read a book." and "I read the book."
- (definite) (singular & plural) (count & non-count) Used with a stress, to show that the word following is special.
- Are you the John Smith that I went to school with?
- (definite) (plural) Used with an adjective that acts like a noun to mean all of the people or things concerned.
- The poor need our help.
- (definite) Used with superlatives forms of adjectives and adverbs.
- You are the best.
- the is called "the definite article"