Wiktionary:English Phonemic Representation

From Wiktionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Shortcut:
WT:enPR

The English Phonemic Representation (shortened as enPR; sometimes called the AHD system (short for American Heritage Dictionary) is a wiktionary-specific system of phonetic notation based on the Latin alphabet as representation of the sounds used in pronouncing spoken English. It is similar to the system used by American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language.

The following tables show the enPR representations of English phonemes:

Monophthongal vowels[change]

Representations of monophthongal vowels:

Example  enPR 
ease, see ē
lose, soon, through ōō
city, bit ĭ
put, foot ŏŏ
about ə
enter ər
bed, bet, end ĕ
fur, bird ûr
run, enough, up ŭ
bad, cat, ran ă
law, caught, saw ô
more ôr
father ä
arm, bard är
not ŏ
French "ami" ȧ
German "schön" œ
German "über" ü

Diphthongs[change]

Representations of diphthongs:

Example  enPR 
here, near, peer î
poor ŏŏ
bait, play, same ā
go, hope, know ō
hair, pear, there â
boy, noise oi
my, rise ī
house, now ou

Consonants[change]

Representations of consonants:

Example  enPR 
pen, spin, top
apple
p
but, able, cab
wobble, ebb
b
ton, stab, mat
attend, butt
ought
latter, metal
t
chat, teacher, inch
nature
ch
dot, idea, nod
fodder, odd
ladder, medal
d
joy, ajar
gin, agile, age
edge
procedure
j
cat, locate, bloc
kit, bakery, steak
queen, aquarium, pique
choir, school, ache
fickle, tack
k
get, magnet, bag g
man, animal, him m
not, ant, pan
hidden
n
singer, ring ng
fan, left, leaf
enough
phase, graphic, epitaph
f
voice, navel, save
of
v
thin, nothing, moth th
this, father, clothe th
set, list
pass
city, ice
s
zoo, quiz
fuzz
rose
xylem
z
she, ash
sure
ration
sh
vision
beige
zh
loch, pesach kh
ham h
run, very r
yes y
left
little
l
which hw
wet w
dénouement n
canyon ny, ñ

Other symbols[change]

Indication  enPR 
primary stress ʹ or ʹ
secondary stress ʹ or '
a division between syllables ‒ or .