because of

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Expression[change]

Expression
because of

  1. You use because of to show the reason for something.
    There's no class because of the holiday.
    We couldn't leave the island because of the bad weather.

Usage[change]

  1. Because is followed by a clause (e.g., because it was good), while because of is followed by a noun phrase (e.g., because of the weather).
  2. Watch out for ambiguity after a negative first clause, as in "The case was not brought before the committee because of the incident the night before". This can be read either as a reason (the incident happened and so the case was not brought), or a denial of a reason (the incident happened, but this is not why the case was brought).

Deprecated[change]

Deprecated in prose because it can always be replaced with a more specific construction, thus:

  1. There is no class in the holiday.
  2. The bad weather kept us on the island.

Many constructions occur in spoken language which are less suitable in written language: "because of" is an example.

Related words[change]