sanction

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Pronunciation[change]

Noun[change]

Singular
sanction

Plural
sanctions

  1. A sanction is an approval by an authority that makes something valid.
  2. A sanction is a penalty, punishment intended to ensure compliance.
    Sanctions were placed on the company by the government.

Verb[change]

Plain form
sanction

Third-person singular
sanctions

Past tense
sanctioned

Past participle
sanctioned

Present participle
sanctioning

  1. (transitive) If something is being sanctioned, it was given official authorization or approval.
    The scheme was sanctioned by the court.
  2. (transitive) If someone is sanctioning something, they are penalizing it with sanctions.