do

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do is one of the 1000 most common headwords.
divide - do - doctor

Pronunciation[change]

Homophones[change]

Verb[change]

Plain form
do

Third person singular
does

Simple past
did

Past participle
done

Present participle
doing

  1. We sometimes use do in place of a different verb, such as when we do not know what an activity is, or we do not want to say it again:
    What is he doing?
    John does a lot at work
    Mary eats more than John does
  2. To perform, to complete a task or to work on a task
    Mary is doing her homework
    We all did the cleaning together
    I've got a lot to do
    "What do you do?" - "I'm a baker"
  3. To succeed or progress
    "How did John do in the tennis match?" - "He lost"
    "How is your leg doing?" - "Oh, it feels much better, thank you"
  4. To write or draw something, usually in a short time
    He did a picture of a tree
    He did an essay on Shakespeare

Auxiliary verb[change]

Plain form
do

Third person singular
does

Simple past
did

Past participle
none

Present participle
none

  1. Do is also an auxiliary verb. It is used in Present Simple and Past Simple tense in questions, negative statements, short answers, and for emphasis, but only when there is no other auxiliary.
  • Questions
    Where do you live?
    When did you start learning English?
    "Does John live here?"
  • Short answer
    "Yes, he does."
    "No, I don't."
  • Negative statements
    They don't live here. [don't = do not]
    We do not want to fight.
    Jared did not tell me he had such a pretty sister.
  • Emphasis (do not use this too much)
    You think I don't have a brother, but I do!
    She does enjoy swimming in the pool.

Use[change]

For the uses of make and do, see page: make and do

Noun[change]

Singular
do

Plural
dos

  1. A hairstyle.
    She came to work with a new do.
  2. Correct actions (almost always in plural and generally with "don'ts")
    Willy will tell you all the dos and don'ts.